why do black people use you in the wrong context? such is "you ugly" instead of "you're ugly" I know u guys can differentiate, it's a nuisance -Anonymous
you a bitch
It’s called copula deletion, or zero copula. Many languages and dialects, including Ancient Greek and Russian, delete the copula (the verb to be) when the context is obvious.
So an utterance like “you a bitch” in AAVE is not an example of a misused you, but an example of a sentence that deletes the copular verb (are), which is a perfectly valid thing to do in that dialect, just as deleting an /r/ after a vowel is a perfectly valid thing to do in an upper-class British dialect.
What’s more, it’s been shown that copula deletion occurs in AAVE exactly in those contexts where copula contraction occurs in so-called “Standard American English.” That is, the basic sentence “You are great” can become “You’re great” in SAE and “You great” in AAVE, but “I know who you are” cannot become “I know who you’re” in SAE, and according to reports, neither can you get “I know who you” in AAVE.
In other words, AAVE is a set of grammatical rules just as complex and systematic as SAE, and the widespread belief that it is not is nothing more than yet another manifestation of deeply internalized racism.
For the commentary
found two kitties cuddling by the sea
I’ve always felt there’s something decidedly autumnal about heraldry and coats of arms.
Yesterday morning I woke very early to find a thick mist enveloping the shores of the quiet stream nearby and the walls of the semi-ruined castle on the opposite shore, and there were plenty of yellow leaves on the birches leaning over the water.
Time for heraldry, in other words.
These coats of arms were made by German xylographer and ex-libris artist Otto Hupp.
❝ What most people don’t know, that they should, is that practically every food you buy in a store for consumption by humans is genetically modified food. There are no wild seedless watermelons, there’s no wild cows, there’s no long-stem roses growing in the wild …
We have systematically genetically modified all the foods, the vegetables and animals, that we have eaten ever since we cultivated them. It’s called artificial selection. That’s how we genetically modify them. So now that we can do it in a lab, all of a sudden, you’re going to complain?
So we are creating and modifying the biology of the world to serve our needs. I don’t have a problem with that because we’ve been doing that for tens of thousands of years. So, chill out. ❞
Neil deGrasse Tyson to anti-GMO advocates (via micdotcom)
Aaaaaannnd THIS is why Neil Degrasse Tyson pisses me off sometimes. Artificial selection is NOT THE SAME FUCKING THING as recombinant DNA techniques.
Also this is a wider problem with patents, proprietary knowledge, accessibility, and intellectual property, not to mention genetic bottlenecks, monoculture issues, and other problems with probability and species/genetic diversity. I think a lot of people have a vested economic interest in it as well because it’s about the freedom to grow your own food and create your own wealth (seed saving and harvesting), but every IP restriction that takes seeds (and other life forms) into the proprietary domain, makes that less and less possible. I find the idea of patenting biological life to be the most problematic aspect of all of this GMO stuff.
I was also really surprised that a scientist like Tyson doesn’t understand the huge difference between selective breeding (artificial selection) and genetic engineering.
The Amazing Medieval “Hobbit” Stone Houses of Staffordshire, England
These medieval cave houses carved from sandstone were abandoned by the last residents in the 1960s, but people were living happily inside them for over three centuries before that. Many people believe that these houses are featured in a very well-known book published in 1937, The Hobbit. The opening line of J. R. R. Tolkien’s book states, “The door opened on to a tube-shaped hall like a tunnel: a very comfortable tunnel without smoke, with paneled walls and floors tiled and carpeted, provided with polished chairs, and lots and lots of pegs for hats and coats – the hobbit was fond of visitors.” Tolkien was famously reluctant to name the places that inspired his stories. In fact, there are so many similarities between the 18th century Holy Austin Rock Houses and Tolkien’s description of the Hobbit holes that it becomes an obvious assumption that he must have seen or read about these remarkable dwellings.